Acquiring a dog places demands on the owner that he or she should be aware of. Among other things, the owner must look after the dog's vaccinations. You should also consider taking out a pet insurance policy for your dog.
An official bill of sale should always be drafted when buying a dog. The trade price covers a registration certificate if the dog is registered with the Finnish Kennel Club. You should not be confident in the origin of the puppy or its parents if a registration certificate is not presented. An unregistered puppy may not be sold under a breed designation.
A puppy is registered under the buyer's name when an ownership declaration is logged. This can be done once the pup's owner receives its registration certificate. A dog's first ownership declaration is logged free of charge.
Finnish Kennel Club members can use the convenient electronic Omakoira service to log an ownership declaration. An authorisation key is needed to complete one on Omakoira. The authorisation key is marked on the registration certificate's ownership declaration section and it can also be found on the certificate of ownership. The authorisation key can be used only once. If you do not have an authorisation key, submit the declaration by post.
You can also submit an ownership declaration by mailing the ownership declaration section of the registration certificate to the postal address mentioned in it or by sending a free-form written declaration.
It is of essential importance that the new owner of a dog registers his or her ownership with the Finnish Kennel Club. Should the dog go missing, anyone who finds it would be unable to discover who the owner is if the owner's information is not entered in the Finnish Kennel Club's register.
If a prior owner has not been registered for the dog, an ownership declaration should be made. A maximum of three owners can be included in the Finnish Kennel Club's ownership register for a dog registered in Finland.
An owner is entered for the dog on the basis of a written declaration or an electronic one logged via Omakoira, and the first entry is logged free of charge. Information on the dog's owner is recorded on the Finnish Kennel Club's ownership register and the owner is supplied with a separate ownership certificate, with an appended change-of-ownership card.
A change of ownership can only be registered electronically using the authorisation key of the previous owner or on the basis of a change-of-ownership card or an ownership declaration signed by the transferor(s), a bill of sale or some other document that unambiguously demonstrates right of ownership. All of a dog's owners must sign the change-of-ownership declaration. A fee is charged for registering a change of ownership.
With permission from the dog's owner, ownership details can also be included in the Finnish Kennel Club's breeding database. This can prove useful if, for example, the dog goes missing. Displaying ownership details on the database enables the person who finds a dog to contact the owner and return it.
The purpose of vaccinations is to protect dogs against contagious diseases. Rabies and canine distemper virus vaccinations are mandatory for any dog that attends a dog show or a trial.
It is also recommended to have your dog vaccinated for contagious liver inflammation and parvovirus-caused diarrhoea as well as kennel cough.
All puppies registered with the Finnish Kennel Club since 2009 have had to be identification marked. Identification marking is useful if a dog runs away or is stolen. The marking helps the authorities find the dog's owner quite rapidly when necessary. Furthermore, proper identification marking ensures that health examination reports are issued to and recorded for the correct dog.
Breeders are required to identification mark their puppies before handing them over to buyers. Thus, the new owner only needs to notify his or her details to the Finnish Kennel Club’s ownership register.
A microchip or tattoo is used as an identifier. Your own local veterinarian can perform the identification marking. Identification markers are mandatory for all dogs participating in official dog shows and trials.
Most Finnish insurance companies offer pet insurance policies for dogs. Typically, these policies are categorised as follows:
The information regarding a dog’s death can be entered into the database of the Finnish Kennel Club on the owner’s request. A member can report his or her dog’s death using Finnish Kennel Club's Omakoira member service.
The report can also be made in writing. The report should contain the name and registration number of the dog, cause and date of death and the owner’s signature. The report can be scanned or photographed and sent by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org or by post to the address Finnish Kennel Club – Showlink Oy, P.O. BOX 20, 79101 Leppävirta.