Think carefully before you get a dog

Photo: 
Jukka Pätynen

Careful consideration and familiarisation with the issues involved are required before getting a dog. A dog should never be taken on the spur of the moment. If you do your groundwork diligently, a dog can become a long-term loyal companion that will bring you joy for many years. 

Fact box
Do not get a dog if you are uncertain about having enough time for it
Dogs demand a lot, just like children
Examine the dog's breeder diligently

Consider the following questions before getting a dog:

• Will you have enough time for it?
• Are you ready to make a commitment that lasts for as long as your dog will live, 10–15 years?
• Are there allergies in your family or in your close circle?
• Are your finances solid enough to bear the cost of keeping a dog?
• Are you allowed to keep a dog in your home?
• Are you prepared to go out with your dog several times each day?

Pick a breed with care

It is a good idea to find out about things like the typical temperament, exercise needs, natural instincts, coat care requirements and trainability of different breeds before picking a dog. Possible interest in a dog-related activity should be taken into account when considering breed options.

Also pay attention to the size, energy level, origin and use purpose of the breed. The breed's original use purpose may still affect the temperament and behaviour of the dog.  

Study the health situation of different breeds carefully. Many breeds have a breeding objective programme (JTO), which comprehensively examines matters like the breed's health situation, hereditary illnesses, temperament characteristics and possible behavioural problems as well as the history of the breed.  

Keep in mind that a breed should not be chosen on the basis of its appearance alone.

Help for selecting a breed is available through the breed test and breed presentations included in the Finnish Kennel Club's basic course for dog owners (in Finnish). 

Once you find a suitable breed

Once you identify a breed that suits you and your family, it's time to start looking for a suitable litter and breeder. You should do your background work diligently in this department as well in order to find the right pup.

Hannu HuttuUse the Finnish Kennel Club's puppy referral service to look for a pup. The websites of breed associations are likewise good places to look up lists of breeders. Further information about breeds can be obtained from, for example, the puppy advisor of the respective breed association.

After you identify a suitable breeder, go and see the dam and pups in their growth setting. This enables you to verify that the dam and pups are provided with an appropriate environment. Puppies should not be bought without seeing their dam.  

Examine information about a pup's dam and sire also via the Finnish Kennel Club's breeding database, which will give you access to, among other things, health results, pedigrees and show and field trial results. 

Do not buy a dog from a suspicious seller. Pups must be clean, lively, have healthy skin and move around normally.

Even if you feel sorry for a dog that is being raised in poor conditions, don't buy! Never buy a pup out of pity – saving one also supports the activities of a puppy mill.  

Always get an official bill of sale when buying a dog. If the seller is reluctant to fill in any part of the contract, something may be amiss.

Rehoming adults

Enquire at your local animal protection society or an animal clinic that accepts strays and abandoned dogs if you are looking to provide a new home for an adult dog. If you are interested in rehoming a specific breed of dog, ask the relevant breed association about adult dogs in need of a new home or contact a breeder directly.  

When details about an adult dog's earlier life and the reason why it is being given up are known, the new owner is better equipped to prepare for possible problems. If little is known about the dog's past and there is a possibility that it has been mistreated, it is likely that it will take longer to establish communication with the dog and for it to adjust to the habits of its new family. 

A bill of sale should always be drafted on the purchase of an adult dog as well.